Western Ghats: Importance The Western Ghats is an extensive region spanning over six States, 44 districts and taluks. It is the home of many endangered plants and animals. The Western Ghats acts as a huge water tank supplying water to six states. Now there are many leakages and there is a water shortage. All the rivers are running dry now.

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Topics covered: Government policies and interventions for development in various sectors and issues arising out of their design and implementation. Development processes and the development industry the role of NGOs, SHGs, various groups and associations, donors, charities, institutional and other stakeholders. Conservation, environmental pollution and degradation, environmental impact assessment. Kasturirangan report on Western Ghats What to study? For Prelims: Western Ghats- Key geographical and environmental facts.

For Mains: Issues related to the conservation of the region, overview of Gadil and Kasturirangan committee reports. The committee has submitted a report in this regard. Background: The panel had examined issues regarding the categorisation of the Western Ghats as ESA as per the recommendations of two committees led by Madhav Gadgil and K.

The panel examined 62 assurances during its deliberations with various State governments and other organisations, and had visited Pune, Mumbai, Chennai and Bengaluru, before preparing its report. What next? The committee is of the view that implementation of the recommendations of the Kasturirangan report is only possible with active support of local population. It also requires consultation with the State government at micro level to achieve the objectives of saving the Western Ghats.

What did the Gadgil Committee say? It defined the boundaries of the Western Ghats for the purposes of ecological management. It proposed that this entire area be designated as ecologically sensitive area ESA. It proposed to divide the area into about 2, grids, of which 75 per cent would fall under ESZ I or II or under already existing protected areas such as wildlife sanctuaries or natural parks.

The committee proposed a Western Ghats Ecology Authority to regulate these activities in the area. What was the need for the subsequent Kasturirangan Committee? None of the six concerned states agreed with the recommendations of the Gadgil Committee, which submitted its report in August A ban on mining, quarrying and sand mining. No new thermal power projects, but hydro power projects allowed with restrictions. A ban on new polluting industries. Building and construction projects up to 20, sq m was to be allowed but townships were to be banned.

Forest diversion could be allowed with extra safeguards. Sources: the hindu. Mains Question: Various committees have been formed to give recommendations on preservation of Western Ghats, but not a lot has happened on that front.

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Krishnaswamy Kasturirangan

The Government of India had initiated the process of formulating a New Education Policy to meet the changing dynamics of the requirements of the population with regard to quality education, innovation and research, aiming to make India a knowledge superpower by equipping its students with the necessary skills and knowledge and to eliminate the shortage of manpower in science, technology, academics and industry. The extant National Policy on Education, modified in required changes to meet the contemporary and futuristic needs of our large youth population. For this, the MHRD initiated an unprecedented collaborative, multi-stakeholder, multi-pronged, bottom- up people-centric, inclusive, participatory consultation process. The extensive consultations undertaken across multiple levels of online, expert and thematic, and from the grassroots ranging from Village, Block, Urban Local bodies, District, State, Zonal and the National level, provided an opportunity to every citizen to engage in this massive exercise. Several in-person and in-depth deliberations across a wide spectrum of stakeholders were held. Subramanian, Former Cabinet Secretary, was constituted, which submitted its report in May,


Kasturirangan report on Western Ghats

The Gadgil Commission report was criticised for being too environment-friendly. The answer to the question of how to manage and conserve the Ghats will not lie in removing these economic options, but in providing better incentives to move them towards greener and more sustainable practices," the HLWG report says. It had suggested three levels of categorization where regulatory measures for protection would be imposed and had recommended the establishment of the Western Ghats Ecology Authority for management of the Ghats. The member Working Group, headed by Planning Commission member Kasturirangan, has environmental experts and other professionals as its members. Natarajan said that the recommendations would be looked into urgently so that action can be taken to address these challenges.


'The Kasturirangan Report is a disaster for the Western Ghats'

It will be disastrous for the environment. Finally, farmers will have to quit the area. Even those who opposed the Gadgil Committee report now want it in place of the Kasturirangan Committee report. It is against this background that Rediff. Dr Vijayan, chairman of the Salim Ali Foundation, was a student of the late Salim Ali, the legendary ornithologist and naturalist, and has worked extensively on birds, forests and wetland ecosystems, and conservation issues in India, both at the field and policy levels.


Western Ghats Ecology Expert Panel


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