Travis J. Denneson I. Introduction In his book, The Antichrist, Nietzsche sets out to denounce and illegitimize not only Christianity itself as a belief and a practice, but also the ethical-moral value system which modern western civilization has inherited from it. This book can be considered a further development of some of his ideas concerning Christianity that can be found in Beyond Good and Evil and in The Genealogy of Morals, particularly the idea that the present morality is an inversion of true, noble morality. An understanding of the main ideas in the latter works are therefore quite helpful in understanding and fully appreciating the ideas set forth in The Antichrist.
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In order to understand the book, he asserted that the reader " Also, the usefulness or harmfulness of truth should not be a concern. Characteristics such as "Strength which prefers questions for which no one today is sufficiently daring; courage for the forbidden"  are also needed. He disdained all other readers. He disliked the contemporary "lazy peace," "cowardly compromise," "tolerance" and "resignation.
He defined the concepts of good, bad and happiness in relation to the will to power. What is bad? What is happiness? And one shall help them to do so. What is more harmful than any vice? He blamed Christianity for demonizing strong, higher humans. He asserted that " It also preserves that which should naturally be destroyed. For a noble morality, pity is a weakness, but for Christianity, it is a virtue.
But, for Nietzsche, pity " Schopenhauer was hostile to life: therefore pity became a virtue for him. Aristotle , who lived in BC, on the other hand, recognized the unhealthiness of pity and prescribed tragedy as a purgative. Theologians, priests and philosophers[ edit ] Theology and philosophy, practiced by priests and idealists, are antithetical to reality and actuality. They are supposed to represent a high, pure and superior spirit that is above and has " He defined the faith that they fostered as " This reversal of values is considered, by Nietzsche, to be harmful to life.
When the theologians seek political power, " Kant supported theological ideals by his discussions of the concepts of "true world" and "morality as the essence of the world. Its origin from concepts and logic was decadent because it was not a product of life, growth, self—preservation, and pleasure. Scientific method[ edit ] Nietzsche considered a free spirit to be the embodiment of a transvaluation of all values.
A quiet, cautious, modest manner was seen with contempt. Also, we know that man is not superior to other animals.
By reducing man to a mere machine, devoid of free will, we have learned much about his physiology. Will is now known to be a necessary reaction to a stimulus. Consciousness and spirit derive from instinct. However, " If Christians were naturally strong and confident, they would have a God who is destructive as well as good.
A God who counsels love of enemy, as well as of friend, is a God of a people who feel themselves as perishing and without hope. As a result, it deteriorated into an insubstantial ideal, pure spirit, Absolute , or thing in itself. In all religious history, Nietzsche believed, Buddhism was the only positivistic religion because it struggles against actual suffering, which is experienced as fact or illusion the concept of Maya in various Buddhist traditions.
Christianity, by contrast, struggles against sin, while suggesting that suffering can have a redemptive quality. Nietzsche claimed that Buddhism is "beyond good and evil" because it has developed past the " He also believed Christianity had conquered barbarians by making them sick.
Christianity, on the other hand, interprets suffering as related to sin. He called these virtues the three Christian shrewdnesses. Faith and belief are opposed to reason, knowledge, and inquiry, he believed. To him, hope in the Beyond sustains the unhappy multitudes.
They turned against the natural world. Their resentment against those who were well—constituted led them to " The Jews were not decadents, themselves. According to Nietzsche, they have " The Jews affirmed themselves, realized their own power, and had a good conscience.
Even after internal anarchy and Assyrian invasions weakened Israel, it retained its worship of God as a king who is both soldier and judge. Concept of God is falsified. Yahweh became a demanding god of justice who is " Morality is no longer an expression of life and growth. Instead, morality opposes life by presenting well—being as a dangerous temptation.
Priestly agitators " The great epoch becomes an epoch of decay. The Exile is an " It was a record of guilt, punishment, piety, and reward in relation to Yahweh. A moral world order is established which assigns value to actions that obey the will of God and which claims that this general will, i. Priests teach that " The sacred book formulates the will of God and specifies what is to be given to the priests. Priests become parasites.
The priest sanctifies and bestows all value. Revolt against Jewish priesthood[ edit ] The Jewish church opposed and negated nature, reality, and the world as being sinful and unholy. Christianity then negated the Jewish church and its holy, chosen people, according to Nietzsche. That is what brought him to the cross Nietzsche thought that the word idiot best described Jesus.
With an antipathy toward the material world, Jesus was " Extreme sensitivity results in avoidance of the world. Also, any feeling of resistance to the world is experienced as pain. Even evil is therefore not resisted. The first disciples, in their Gospels, described him as having Old Testament characteristics such as prophet, Messiah, miracle—worker, moral preacher, etc. Dostoevsky could have revealed his sickliness and childishness.
His spirituality is infantile, a result of delayed puberty. His life is its own kingdom of God at every moment. Early Christians used Semitic concepts to express his teaching, but his anti—realism could just as easily have been a characteristic of Taoism or Hinduism. Nietzsche asserted that the psychological reality of redemption was " He offers no resistance to evil, He has no anger and wants no revenge. Blessedness is not promised on conditions, as in Judaism.
There is no Judaic concern for sin, prayers, rituals, forgiveness, repentance, guilt, punishment, or faith. The apparent world, however, is only a collection of psychological symbols, signs, and metaphors. These symbols are expressed in terms of space, time, history, and nature. Examples of these mere symbols are the concepts of "God as a person", "the son of man", "the hour of death", and "the kingdom of heaven".
He wanted to show how to live. His legacy was his bearing and behavior. He did not resist evildoers. He loved evildoers. Nietzsche considered this falseness to be indecent. Unlike past ages, his contemporaries knew that sham and unnatural concepts such as "God", "moral world—order", "sinner", "Redeemer", "free will", "beyond", "Last Judgment", and "immortal soul" are consciously employed in order to provide power to the church and its priests. Belief in redemption through Christ is not originally Christian.
Genuine, original, primitive Christianity is not a faith. It is state of being that consists of " The disciples, however, wanted revenge against the Jewish ruling class and high priests who had delivered him to Pilate.
They elevated Jesus into being the Messiah and Son of God and promised future judgment and punishment in the kingdom of God. But " Paul made immortality the main point in 1 Corinthians when he said " Paul falsified the history of Christianity, the history of Israel, and the history of mankind by making them all seem to be a preparation for the crucifixion. One lives for life in the beyond.
The laws of nature would be broken for the salvation of everyone. Christianity separated itself from Judaism as though it was the chosen religion, " Man tasted knowledge and "
ANTICRISTUL NIETZSCHE PDF
In this work, Nietzsche was arguing against the systematic religions that he believed were interfering with the advancement of life, particularly knowledge and culture. Therefore, the book simply explains and applies the religious and philosophical perspectives of the natural laws of life. The Antichrist seethes with rhetoric, harsh criticism, and insults that can make readers shy away from the work. The words used in this work are based on the definition of Nietzsche. He then continues to criticize Christianity for disapproving as evil the fundamental instincts of humans, which preserve life and promote strength. In the place of these natural values, Christianity promotes values that are negating life, and the most significant is feeling pity. According to him, men are deprived of strength whenever they feel pity.
In the Old TestamentGenesis 3: The Twilight of the Idols That is what brought him to the cross Nietzsche This eBook is for the use of anyone anywhere at no cost and with almost no restrictions. His spirituality is infantile, a result of delayed puberty. The The Antichrist Community Note includes chapter-by-chapter summary and analysis, In The Antichrist, Nietzsche expounds on the philosophical and religious The Antichrist study guide contains a biography of Friedrich Nietzsche. Lying, or not wanting to see as one sees, is a trait of those who are devoted to a party or faction. It also preserves that which should naturally be destroyed. On the other hand, Walter Kaufmann considers The Antichrist the more appropriate way to render the German, in spite of its ambiguity: Your email address will not be published.