Nigal Report lays bare hijack, murder and rape horror of ex-EFF man. Anyway, since you are in the mood for confessing — take it a step further and resign. Political history of South Africa. You stand directly against the youth. Views Read Edit View history.

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The aim of the Youth League was to galvanise the youth to step up the fight against segregation within the country. It stated, amongst others, that Africanism should be promoted i. Source: sahistory. In , the ANC adopted this programme, which represented a radical departure from the ineffective strategies of the past, and a transformation of the organisation into a revolutionary mass movement.

In the next decade, this change of policy would lead to the Defiance Campaign and the Congress of the People. During the s the National Party NP , which came into power in introduced harsh and oppressive laws towards blacks. Similar campaigns targeting specific apartheid laws such as the Bantu Education Act and the Group Areas Act were undertaken. Although the programme initially led to the hardening of Government attitude, in the end the apartheid government had to concede that its policy of racial segregation was unsustainable.

This document would eventually become the basis of a democratic constitution hailed as one of the most progressive in the world. Members of the ANCYL continued to be conspicuous and prominent in national campaigns during the s. Anton Mziwakhe Lembede passed away at the a very early age of 33, leaving a leadership gap that the organisation found difficult to fill.

In adition, in the interim, the adoption of the Freedom Charter served as the catalyst leading to a formal split in the organisation. Others, like Nelson Mandela and Walter Sisulu, remained in the mainstream ANC, assuming important leadership positions in the movement.

Protest marches were held in various urban centres across South Africa. Marches in Sharpeville and Langa appear to have been better organised and supported. The march in Sharpeville ended in a massacre, leaving 69 demonstrators dead after being shot, mainly from the back, by security police. Scores were left injured and others arrested. Demonstrators running for their lives at Sharpeville, March Source: dailymaverick.

Without its leaders, the Youth League lost its momentum. Subsequently, the Youth League became moribund. Several other youth organisations, such as the South African Student Organisation , led by Steve Biko, emerged towards the end of the s, taking the lead in continued resistance to apartheid.

Once in exile, the ANC elders in London asked Thabo Mbeki to launch an organisation of South African students and youth in Britain to continue resistance against apartheid. At the meeting Mbeki was elected as secretary, a PAC man was elected chairman and a White student was elected vice-chairman. In Mbeki drafted a political document outlining the imperatives of mobilising already-existing youth and student organisations to fight against apartheid.

Thabo Mbeki during the s. Source: www. There was a general feeling that ASA students were different from uMkhonto weSizwe MK recruits as they were always isolated, while MK recruits were normally in large groups in camps. The organisation worked hard to achieve the unbanning of the ANC, and that goal became a reality in February In , the Youth League was re-launched with a view to supporting negotiations during the transition to democracy, with Peter Mokaba as president.

The League has come to be viewed as an influential component within the broader ANC, and providing a training ground for future ANC leaders. Parallels have been drawn between the firebrand political styles of Mokaba and Malema. The League spokesman Floyd Shivambu is suspended for three years.

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Origins[ edit ] As a resistance movement, the ANC was predated by a number of black resistance movements, among them Umkosi Wezintaba , formed in South Africa between and Its founders were Saul Msane Esq. It aimed to bring all Africans together as one people to defend their rights and freedoms. The organisation was renamed the ANC in The organisation, from its inception represented both traditional and modern elements, from tribal chiefs to church and community bodies and educated black professionals, though women were only admitted as affiliate members from and as full members in


History of the African National Congress



African National Congress Youth League




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